What Are The 4 Main Types of Aggregates?

“Aggregates are used in construction. Sand, gravel, crushed stone, and recycled concrete or fill are the four primary aggregates. These different materials are used to hold the ingredients together so that they can be used in various landscaping projects. Let’s take a closer look at each aggregate in detail.”

Why Use Aggregates In Construction?

Strength and Durability

Aggregates give strength. That makes it possible for the product to reach its full potential. Without aggregates, the material might not be able to handle the weight placed on top of it or be able to last in high traffic areas without cracking.


Aggregates can be used to enhance the look of the final product. Aggregates can be used to match the environment.


Aggregates tend to be readily available in most parts of the country, making them accessible to contractors. Moreover, there are several aggregate suppliers available who can provide material to projects if required.

Environmentally Friendly

Aggregates are made from naturally occurring minerals and rocks, which break off larger rocks when they weather away. That makes it a natural element that is friendly to the environment compared to plastic or steel.


Aggregates are cheap and durable and can be used for many years. It saves money in the long run for both contractors and clients.

The 4 Main Types Of Aggregates and Their Different Properties


Sand is a common fine-grained sedimentary material made from fragments of rocks or minerals, including quartz. Sand is typically used in mortar and concrete mixes due to its round particles that are easy to mix. Sand comes in different forms, including ordinary sand, coarse sand, and fine sand.


Gravel is a common coarse-grained sedimentary material with a particle size ranging from 0.4 inches to 2 inches in diameter. Gravel is typically used for medium to large-sized aggregates in the construction industry.

Gravel can be found in two forms: pea gravel and crushed stone. They have an even shape, and they are suitable for heavy-duty projects, including driveways or roads that will need to handle high traffic volume or heavier loads.

Crushed Stone

Crushed stone is a more processed (version of gravel) aggregates comprising of angular or subrounded particles. It is mainly used for medium to large-scale projects and is often found in major commercial building sites since it can handle heavy traffic.

There are different shapes of crushed stone, ranging in size from a few inches to a few feet.


Ready Mix Concrete Essex is a mixture of cement, aggregates, sand, and water forming solid materials suitable for building roads, buildings, or pavements. Moreover, concrete is formed under high pressure by mixing the ingredients, which explains its excellent texture.

In landscaping projects, concrete can be used in various forms; ready mix, bagged concrete, and unbagged concrete.

Which Types of Aggregate Are Right for Your Project?

“Depending on your project’s purpose, intended outcome and expected lifespan, you can choose the ideal aggregate. Ordinary sand or pea gravel can be used for a short-term project.”

For long-term projects like roads or buildings that will last for decades, crushed stones are the best choice. They have been designed for heavy-duty use.

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